viernes, 15 de marzo de 2019

WOMEN IN SCIENCE: MELITTA BENTZ
Biography:
Her real name is Amalie Auguste Melitta Liestcher.
She has born the 31•01•1873, at Saxon capital of Germany, and she dies 29•06•1950.
She was the daughter of an editer.
She married with Hugo BENTZ, and they have two sons, Horst and Will Bentz.
Melitta founded a organitation called “Melitta”
The 20 of June the 1908 she have the patent and the 15 of December the company was registered by the name of “M.Bentz”.
On the first sell, they sold 1200 filters for coffee on the fair of Leipzing in 1909.
One year leater the company won one medal of gold in the International Exposition and one silver medal in the Association of Saxon's Hotel Mangers.
After the outbreak of the first mundial war they took away the material for construct zepelins.
Her married was destined to Romania and the import of the coffee was impossible because of the blockade of Britains.
She moved back to Desde.
In 1928, because of the big demand of the product she has to put 80 workers more, and they have to do doub a

le tourns.
About the invention:
It is a kitchen utensil that serves to filter hot water and coffee beans.
Melitta was fed up with the bitter and lumpy coffee.
it is simply to throw water
hot on ground coffee. The water will pass through the coffee particles and through a filter, and falls into a container.
They are usually made of paper, they are not reusable or stainless steel, reusable. They are round, but recently they have invented some with a sachet shape that carry the coffee inside.

miércoles, 27 de febrero de 2019

Rachel Fuller Brown and Elizabeth Lee Hazen, Nystatin



 BIOGRAPHY:
Rachel Fuller Brown was born on the 23rd of November, 1898 in Springfield, Massachusetts. Her father was George Hamilton Brown, and her mother Annie Brown.


Resultado de imagen de rachel fuller brownShe was an American biochemist, she studied at Harvard University, Mount Holyoke College and at the University of Chicago. She got the degree on Physic and Chemistry in the year 1920.

In the year 1948 she started a project with Elisabeth Lee Hazen, this led to a discovery, they found an antibiotic called Nystatin. It´s the first fungicide against fungi applicable to humans. It´s useful in cutaneous and mucosa infections, produced by Candida Abbicons

Se died on die 14th of Junary 1980 in Albany, New York

Resultado de imagen de elizabeth lee hazenElizabeth was born on 24th of August, 1885 in Rich ( Mississippi). She died on the 24th of Juliy 1975. She became an orphan at the age of 3.

In 1931, she worked in the department of the state of New York, she found the sources of leukemia,She also founded the fungi that spoil poorly preserver food and how it works

At the department, she did studies of fungi and discovered treatments for fungal diseases.
INVETION:NYSTATIN
Resultado de imagen de nystatin wikipediaIt acts as fungistatic and fungicide, depending on the concetration. It binds to the sterols of the cell membrane of fungi, whoose spatial configuation disorganizes, which lets to an alteration of the permeability of the membrane with loss of amino-acids, purines and ions by the fungi, with alteration of cellular metabolism

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nystatin



martes, 26 de febrero de 2019


      CLATONIA JOAQUIN DORTICUS  

Clatonia Joaquin Dorticus was a Scientist who was born in     
Cuba in 1863, but she makes her home  in Newton, N.Jersey. 
Little is known for her personal life.

 In regards to her inventions, she left an enduring legacy in               innovations in developning photographic print and negative             was machine. She also invented an inproved machine for                 embossing photographs.

 Her machine was designed to both mount and emboss a                  photographic print.

 Embossing is a method of raising parts of a photograph for a           3D look for relief her machine had a bed plate, a die, and a               pressure bar and bearings. she got the patent for this on July of         1894. It was referenced by two other patents in the 1950's. 
Every one thought that Clatonia was a man because there was not informaton of her life or photos. 

lunes, 25 de febrero de 2019

LILLIAN MOLLER GILBRETH


LILLIAN MOLLER GILBRETH

She was an American Psychologist. She was one of the first females engineers to get a doctorate. Her Works were developped in the area of industrial engineering.
She was born on 24th of May, 1878 in Oakland, Arizona.
She got married in 1904 to Frank Burker Gilbreth.
In 1911 she made her first important publication of her investigation: "Study of the movement". In 1915 she got her doctorate on psychologist at Brown University. She worked with her husband in the direction of the Jhonshon and Jhonshon company.

She put shelves in the door of the fridge and she invented the trash pedal and the electric blender.
.

miércoles, 20 de febrero de 2019

Marjorie Stewart Joyner: Permanent Wave Machine



Marjorie Stewart Joyner

Marjorie was a woman who tried to solve African-american women's hair problems.
https://mujeresconciencia.com

HER LIFE
She was born on 1896 in Monterrey as the daughter of a teacher and a housewife, descendants of slaves.
Her parents got divorced and a few years later and she moved to Chicago.
Before she opened her beauty salon, she married Robert E. Joyner, a student of medicine.

STUDIES AND JOBS
There, she began working as a cleaner and as a waitress while she was in high school, which she could not finish.
Later , in an another school she graduated and was the first black person to graduate from that prodigious academy of cosmetics and beauty.

She opened a small beauty salon where she became famous for her ability with the "Marcel wave".
As straight hairstyle was difficult to do on black women, she decided to take lessons from a famous hairstylist for these women to release their complexes.

INVENTION
http://myauctionfinds.com
In 1919 she started to work in famous beauty salon ”The Walker Company ,and after the death of the head of the salon, Joyner became the head of the company .
In 1926, she wanted to solve the problem of most African-American's to straighten their hair so she created a machine to make it permanent.
She registered her machine in 1928 but could not be considered the inventor because a German man had already had the idea.A few years after making black women happy,
she  died in 1994 at the age of 98 in Chicago.

OUR PERSONAL OPINION
In our personal opinion, we think she was nice because she thought about helping black woman to overcome their complexes and feel better.




URL:





By: Laura and Jun









Mary Kies First American woman to obtain a patent

        Mary Kies           

Biography:
  
Mary Dixon was born in Killingly, Connecticut (United States) on March 21, 1752. She
was born to a family of farmers, daughter of  John and Janet Kennedy Dixon.
She married Isaac Pike I, and in 1770 they had a son named Isaac Pike II .
After his death she married John Kies. When John Kies died, she went to Brooklyn,
New York to live with her second son, Daniel Kies.
She had 3 children; Isaac Pike II , Daniel Kies and Abigail Kies.
Unfortunately, she died at the age of 85, in 1837, in New York.

Picture extracted from:  http://esceptica.org/2015/05/06/bios-mary-dixon-kies/ 
                                                 
                                               Invention:

Kies invented and patented a new method by which the weaving of straw with silk and thread became more effective. This method reduced costs when manufacturing hats. She worked in Massachusetts.

Due to the Napoleonic wars, it was very difficult to import goods to the United States. They sold hats made of silk to the people that worked in the countryside.

But she not only invented that method, she was the first American woman to obtain a patent.
At that time, the women weren’t authorized to have possessions in their name. Unfortunately, the patent was destroyed because there was a fire in 1836 at the Patent Office.

She didn’t became rich because of the patent, but other people benefited from it.

Picture extracted from: https://mujeresquehacenlahistoria.blogspot.com/2016/05/siglo-xviii-mary-dixon-kies.html 







By: Mariam Kheta and Yasmin Zegaa

Sally Fox

SALLY FOX 



Sally Fox
Extracted from:
http://www.women-inventors.com/Sally-Fox.asp



We are talking about Sally Fox. She was a revolutionary inventor, because she invented the Fox Fibre. 

Biography:

She was born in 1845 in Southeast Ohio.
She was the second daughter of her parents( Aaron and Mary ). Her father died when she was a child. 
There, "the fox widow, which was how Mary was known, got married again to Alpha Brown, who was recently widowed with two children, one of whom was disable.
The Industrial Revolution produced a new type of loom that needed a new type of cotton and a lot of resistance, so the great variety of cotton of different colors and resistance was the mono culture of white cotton. Sally Fox invented again a little quantity of seed of brown cotton. Fox started to investigate until she created a long fiber colored cotton, that was commercial viable. The invention was called Fox Fibre.

Finally, Sally Fox died on the 7th of February 1913, after living a good life.

Personal opinion:

We think that this invent is so important and the inventor has a lot of merit